There are three main characteristics of Buddhism.
Buddhism teaches that there are three traits of a person. They include no-self, impermanence, and suffering. No-self is one of their main teachings and it means that there is a separation between your permanent self (“I” or “me”) from what controls the body. When you look at your body and think that it’s yours, you’ve separated yourself in that moment.
You experience a number of phenomenon’s that can be observed.
Watching or observing all of the phenomenon’s around you can be done through your senses, such as your eyesight, hearing, touch, and smells. Or it can be observed mentally with images that you see in your mind. Once you realize that your reality is completely made up of experiencing sensations, you will begin to “awaken”.
The awakening is a process that happens in your mind after observing your reality.
When you become a watcher of your own body, you are in control of the body. The body cannot be in control of itself. This happens through observing your reality rather than just experiencing it. Phenomenon’s that you see, feel, hear, or touch, are never permanent. For example, a bird flying past will only be seen for a moment before it disappears from your sight. Being aware of these impermanent phenomenon’s is permanent and happens in the mind and it’s what elevates you to becoming awakened to reality.
The teachings of true-self reveal you don’t just observe the phenomena.
Since you are a part of your own reality, observing other things means that your body is also a phenomenon in itself. Buddhism teaches that reality is like an illusion that you experience through sensory applications (your senses). But you are in that reality, meaning you are the illusion that you are observing. You “don’t exist” like the reality you’re looking at. Once you realize that you are “nothing” you are awakened and free to become everything.